Institute for Industrial Productivity (IIP), India in partnership with the Cement Manufacturers Association (CMA) of India organized the First International Conference on ‘Enhanced Usage of Alternate Fuel and Raw Materials (AFR) Co-processing in Cement Plants’ on August 7-8, 2013, in New Delhi. The Conference welcomed more than 200 national and international speakers and delegates from industry, government, regulatory bodies, NGOs, and the financial sector.
Indian cement industry has made significant achievements in terms of improvement in energy efficiency and productivity through various initiatives. However, alternate fuel and raw material (AFR) is one area where not much progress has been made due to various factors. At present, the Thermal Substitution Rate (TSR) of the Indian cement industry ranges from only 0.5-1%, while in some developed countries, this figure is as high as around 60%. Various studies indicate that the GHG emission reduction potential through AFR use in cement kilns is extremely high. The use of AFR along with substantial greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation, fossil fuel savings, and solving pressing local environmental issues, can also help cement industry in achieving its targets under the Perform Achieve and Trade (PAT) scheme, which is a quasi regulatory approach adopted by Government of India to promote industrial energy efficiency.
With this in mind, IIP, in 2012, launched a multi stakeholder initiative to promote enhanced use of AFR by the Indian cement industry. This initiative was anchored at CMA and engaged different stakeholder groups (industry, regulators, policy makers, financial institutions etc.) in a meaningful dialogue process to catalyze policy and regulatory changes. The Conference was organized at the successful culmination of first Phase of this joint IIP-CMA initiative to disseminate the findings of the study by way of an ‘Action Plan’ report to a larger stakeholder groups and to create a platform for shared learning on the subject of AFR.
The Action Plan report was released at the conference by Mr. B.K.Chaturvedi, Member, Planning Commission, Government of India. Speaking at the inaugural session Mr. Chaturvedi said “cement industry must find ways of increasing the usage of Alternate Fuels and Raw Materials to complement its ever- increasing requirement of coal which has been projected within the range of 63 – 96 million tonne during the 12th Plan period for cement industry”.
Another important development as part of the IIP and CMA initiative was the creation of a ‘Forum of Regulators’ with high level representation from State Pollution Control Boards of major cement producing states in India. The Forum of Regulators reviewed the provisions of existing policy and regulatory guidelines to promote the use of AFR in cement Industry and came out with a series of recommendations to mainstream AFRs. These recommendations were presented during the Concluding Session, which was chaired by Dr. Ajay Mathur, Director General, Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), who welcomed the suggestions and recommendations and extended his support for this initiative.
Use of Alternate fuels for meeting energy requirement is a sustainable initiative which can not only help save fossil fuel and mitigate GHG emissions, but also facilitate the intimidating task of waste disposal in an environmentally sound manner. Finding synergy between the problem of managing this waste and the shortage of coal is a possible ecological solution. Co-processing of waste derived fuels (alternative fuels) and raw materials in the cement industry, therefore, presents a win-win situation for a country like India.
The Conference successfully met its primary objective of creating a knowledge platform for international discourse and sharing successful national and international experiences on AFR use in cement industries. (Learn more about IIP's initiative to increase the Thermal Substitution Rate (TSR) in the Indian cement industry)
The following papers were presented at during the conference:
TECHNICAL SESSION I : CMA-IIP INITIATIVE ON AFR -SETTING THE STAGE
- Architecture of the CMA-IIP initiative - Mr. Somnath Bhattacharjee, Head of India Programme, IIP
- STATUS OF ALTERNATE FUELS & RAW MATERIALS USAGE IN INDIA- Industry Perspective - Dr. S.K. Handoo, Advisor (Technical), CMA
- Recommended Action Plan for the Chosen AFR's - Mr. Sanjay Jain, Sr. General Manager, Holtec
- REGULATORY REFORMS RECOMMENDED TO PROMOTE CO-PROCESSING OF WASTE IN INDIA - Dr. B. Sengupta, Ex. Member Secretary, Central Pollution Control Board
TECHNICAL SESSION II : VOICES FROM ACROSS THE GLOBE
- Current Situation of AFR Application in China Cement Industry - Mr. Wang Yutao, Vice Secretary General, China Cement Association, China
- CPCB – SINTEF project on Recovery of alternative fuels and raw materials and treatment of organic hazardous wastes through co-processing in resource and energy intensive industry in India - Dr. Kare Helge Karstensen, Chief Scientist, SINTEF, Norway
- Industrial Ecology - focused on INDIA - Mr. Pavel Cech, Regional VP, Industrial Ecology, Lafarge West and South East Asia
- Legislative Framework for a Paradigm Shift in Industrial Waste Management - Mr. John Manuel Jones, Operations Director, Geocycle Asia Network
TECHNICAL SESSION III : CREATING WIN-WIN SITUATIONS THROUGH REGULATORY REFORMS
- From UN/SBC Technical Guidelines on Co-processing of Hazardous Waste in Cement Kilns To a Co-processing Legal Frame in India - Mr. Jean Pierre Degre, Partner at Cementis Consulting, Switzerland
- TOWARDS GREEN TRASH: Panjim’s Initiatives in Solid Waste Management - Mr. Sanjit Rodrigues, Commissioner, Panjim Municipality, Goa
- Hazardous Wastes Utilization in Cement Plants - Gujarat Experience - Mr. J.K. Vyas, Sr. Environment Engineer, HAZ Unit, Gujarat Pollution Control Board
TECHNICAL SESSION IV : CASE STUDIES TO LEARN FROM
- Introduction of Huaxin Environmental Business - Mr. Zhang Jiang, Director of Environment and Sustainable Development Div., Holcim Management Services (China) Co. Ltd
Co-processing waste material in cement plants
Co-processing waste material in cement plants - Dr. Dieter Mutz, Director, GIZ
- Alternate fuel Usage: Experience of “The India Cements Ltd” - Mr. D. Sivagurunathan, President (Mfg.), India Cements Ltd
- Upgraded regulatory framework for greening nations backyard - Mr. Ulhas Parlikar, Director, ACC Ltd.
- Indian Scenario of Co-processing of Wastes in Cement Industries - Mr. P.K. Gupta, Scientist, Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB)