The Programme for improving energy efficiency in energy intensive industries (PFE) was introduced on January 1st 2005 as part of a voluntary agreement between industry and government. The programme aims to increase energy efficiency in energy intensive industries with a focus on electricity consumption. Energy-intensive companies in the manufacturing industry can be granted tax exemption on their electricity consumption (0, 55 € per MWh) if they take action to improve their energy efficiency under the PFE.
Target Group - Size:
Target Group - Industry Focus:
GHG emission source covered:
Increasing energy efficiency in participating energy-intensive companies
Program Funding Source:
Swedish Energy Agency
Total Program Funding:
Energy Management System:
Program Offerings for Industry:
Resources: Manuals on EnMS, energy audits, analysis and mapping; templates for life cycle costing; Guide to procedures on purchasing energy-intensive equipment and project planning
Technical assistance and training: the Swedish Energy Agency in cooperation with other partners has initiated a training course for practitioners in „LEAN production/energy management”, on life-cycle costing calculations and routines for EE procurement
Networking and workshops: Seminars for program participants and best practice dissemination are held on a regular basis .
Exemption from carbon tax on electricity of 0,55 € per MWh.
Implementing Entity Type:
M&V requirements on industry:
Companies must obtain certification of energy management system by a third party certification body. Participating enterprises are obliged to report results both after the second and after the fifth and final year of the programme period. Second-year reporting contains deemed (estimated) savings (*3) from planned measures; the fifth-year reporting contains data based on measurements or engineering calculations of the actually implemented measures.
Evaluation of Program:
Program flow chart
Program Flow Chart
Impacts and Results
Savings (recent year):
Savings (program total):
Non-energy benefits (co-benefits):
Other useful information
(*1) „Energy-intensive” is defined as:
The cost of energy (purchases and generated) in the company amounts to at least 3% of the value of the company’s production,
The company’s energy, carbon dioxide and sulphur taxes amount to at least 0,5% of the company’s added value.
A company can participate as a whole or only with those parts of the company that are energy-intensive, as long as these parts are run independently and have their own funds.
(*2) Sweden is currently negotiating the future of the PFE with the European Commission (DG Competition) as the carbon tax exemption was found to non-compliant with EU State Aid Guidelines. Enterprises willing to take part into five-year agreements under the PFE can do so throughout 2012 and are allowed to complete the full five-year program. However, conditions for new entrants in 2013 remain unclear.
(*3) Deemed savings are used to define savings values for projects with well-known and documented savings values. The use of deemed values is an agreement to accept a pre-determined value, irrespective of what actually „happens”. Deemed measures and calculations are usually used for simple efficiency measures (e.g. replacement of lighting systems) whose performance characteristics and use conditions are well known and consistent, with the possibility of including site-specific inputs. Deemed values and deemed calculation approaches are often documented in a „Technical Reference Manual”. For further information see the International Performance Measurement and Verification Protocol (IPMVP) at http://www.evo-world.org/